Calm. The. Fuck. Down.

De Nieuwe Revu vroeg het zich al af: ‘Hoe om te gaan met een intellectuele vrouw die een boodschap uitdraagt waar een kern van waarheid in zit, maar die we liever niet willen horen?’

Het is niet of ze het erom doet, maar op de een of andere manier is het vaak bonje als Asha ten Broeke wat schrijft. Of het nu om alledaags seksisme, obesitas, linkse politiek, neoliberalisme of feminisme gaat, er is altijd wel iemand boos. En
dat terwijl Asha voornamelijk nieuwsgierig is.

Want waarom worden dikke mensen eigenlijk altijd zonder hoofd in de krant gezet? Waarom is roze voor meisjes en blauw voor jongens? Als alle politici zich druk maken over rechtse onderbuikgevoelens, wie luistert er dan naar linkse onderbuiken? Waarom was iedereen Charlie, maar niemand een bootvluchteling? Hoe kan het dat we zieke vrouwen minder serieus nemen dan zieke mannen? En waarom – waarom – wil neurobioloog Dick Swaab een prinsessenjurk voor Asha kopen?

Dus: calm the fuck down. Want al is dit boek een vat vol ongezouten, onvoorspelbare beschouwingen, ze zijn allemaal geschreven vanuit één vurige wens: een betere, rechtvaardigere wereld.

Big History

Of het nu gaat om geschiedenis, natuurkunde of psychologie: wetenschappers onderzoeken vaak slechts een klein, afgebakend onderdeel van hun vakgebied. Maar wat als we al onze huidige wetenschappelijke kennis zouden samenvoegen tot één samenhangend verhaal over onszelf en onze plek in het universum?

Precies deze vraag dreef David Christian bij het creëren van een totaal nieuw wetenschapsveld: big history. Daarin werken wetenschappers uit verschillende disciplines intensief samen om het allesomvattende – en meeslepende – verhaal van onze ontstaansgeschiedenis te construeren. Dat daar behoefte aan is blijkt wel uit het stormachtige succes tot nu toe: big history wordt reeds door vele universiteiten (waaronder de UvA) aangeboden, en niemand minder dan Bill Gates startte samen met Christian een project om big history op middelbare scholen te doceren.

In zijn boek neemt Christian ons aan de hand van acht omslagpunten mee door de afgelopen 13,8 miljard jaar. Hij beschrijft hoe je verschillende thematische paden door de geschiedenis kunt volgen, die je leiden van de oerknal tot het ontstaan van leven en van de opkomst van de mens tot ver in de toekomst. Big History maakt het mogelijk om te bevatten wie we zijn, waar we vandaan komen én wat ons te wachten staat.

Je bent wat je doet – herziene editie

Dat het een herkenbaar en veelvoorkomend probleem is, bleek wel uit de verkoopcijfers van Je bent wat je doet tot nu toe: er komt vaak niets terecht van al onze mooie voornemens. Een betere versie van onszelf is heel dichtbij, we wíllen wel, maar het komt er niet van. Later, zeggen we dan. En zo sjoemelen we vrolijk door.

Roos Vonk legt uit hoe dit komt én wat je eraan kunt doen. En omdat we inmiddels een aantal jaren en vele wetenschappelijke onderzoeken verder zijn, komt er nu een herziene editie. Op haar kenmerkend vlotte en toegankelijke wijze, met humor en veel voorbeelden, laat ze zien hoe we onszelf in de weg zitten en motiveert ze de lezer om nu echt eens iets te dóén.

Als leesboek biedt Je bent wat je doet een boeiende kijk op de kronkels van de mens, maar het is ook een werkboek met oefeningen om het beste uit jezelf te halen – en dan nu écht.

De pomodoro-techniek

Waar anderen gewoon een keukenwekker in de vorm van een tomaat zagen, zag Francesco Cirillo het geheim tot productiever werken. Het leek bijna te simpel om zó effectief te zijn: deel je dag op in tijdseenheden van 25 minuten (één pomodoro), zet steeds een wekker, houd tussendoor korte pauzes en bedenk waar je je volgende ‘pomodoro’ aan gaat besteden. Het bleek zo goed te werken dat cirillo zijn techniek uitwerkte en er cursussen over ging geven. Al snel omarmden velen deze methode: volgens The Wall Street Journal kan iedereen hierdoor beter focussen. Newsweek vindt het ‘een van de beste manieren om slimmer te werken’, en het is een van de meest populaire methoden van de lifehacker.com-community. Inmiddels zijn al meer dan twee miljoen mensen ermee aan de slag gegaan.

De pomodoro-techniek staat bomvol effectief tijdsmanagement-advies. Je leert hoe je de techniek kunt aanpassen aan jouw behoeften en er zo maximaal profijt uit kunt halen. Daarnaast leer je inschatten hoeveel tijd het kost om een taak
te voltooien, hoe je je productiviteit kunt monitoren en persoonlijke doelen kunt stellen die haalbaar zijn. Of in de woorden van Cirillo: ‘Quiet your mind. keep distractions at bay. let your ideas take center stage.’

Onverklaarbare illusies in tv-programma MINDF*CK



In november 2016 verschijnt het boek MINDF*CK bij Maven Publishing.
Bestel hier alvast je exemplaar en ontvang het boek bij verschijning als allereerste!

Dagelijkse rituelen = Boek van de week op Radio 4!

Ons nieuwe boek Dagelijkse rituelen is door Radio 4 uitgeroepen tot Boek van de week!
Luister hier terug waarom boekhandelaar Daan van der Valk van Boekhandel de Vries voor dit boek koos.

Appendix

Appendix: Naming Names: A Guide to Selected Drugs

Rosemary Bassoon et al., ‘Efficacy and safety of viagiain estrogedized women with sexual Dysfunction Associated with Female Sexual Aromsal Disorder,’ International Journal of Gynecolosy and obstetries supp 1.5 (2002).

Katherin Eban, ‘OxyContin: Purdue Pharma’s Painful Medicine’ Fortune 164, no. 8 (2011): 76.

R. E. Cai et al., ‘Emergency Department Visits Involving Nonmedical Use of Selected Prescription Drugs in the United States, 2004–2008,’ Journal of Pain and Palliative Care Pharmacotherapy 24, no. 3 (2010): 293–97.

Gabor Mate, When the Body Says No (Hoboken: Wiley, 2011).

James Morrison, ‘Childhood Sexual Histories of Women,’ American Journal of Psychiatry 146, no. 2 (1989): 239–41; Page Ouimette et al., ‘Physical and Sexual Abuse Among Women and Men with Substance Use Disorder,.’ Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 18, no. 3 (2000): 7–17.

What Is prescription Drug Abuse? NIDA, 7 augustus, 2012, nida.nih.gov/researchreports/prescription/prescription?.html.

W. L. Hearn, et al., ‘Cocaethylene Is More Potent Than Cocaine in Mediating Lethality,’ Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 39, no. 2 (1991): 531–33.

SAMHSA, 2012, oas.samsa.gov/2kll/DAWN027/ecstasy.htm.

Frank Owen and Lera Gavin, ‘Molly Is the New Club Drug, But What’s in It?’ Playboy, Oct. 20, 2013.

See ecstasydata.org for examples of pill and powder testing.

Michael C. Mithoefer et al.,’The Safety and Efficacy of 3-, 4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine-Assisted Psychotherapy in Subjects with Chronic, Treatment-Resistant Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The First Randomized Controlled Pilot Study,’ Journal of Psychopharmacology 25, no. 4 (2011): 439–52.

Rasmussen Report ‘82% Say US Not Winning the War on Drugs’ 18 augustus, 2013.

Pew Research, ‘Majority Now Supports Legalizing Marijuana’ 4 april, 2013.

D. I. Abrams et al.,’Cannabinoid–Opioid Interaction in Chronic Pain,’ Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics 90, no. 6 (2011): 844–51.

Lee Fang et al., ‘The Anti-Pot Lobby’s Big Bankroll: The Opponents of Marijuana-Law Reform Insist That Legalization Is Dangerous—But the Biggest Threat Is to Their Own Bottom Line,’ Nation 299, nos. 3–4 (2014): 12–18.

James C. Anthony, Lynn A. Warner, and Ronald C. Kessler, ‘Comparative Epidemiology of Dependence on Tobacco, Alcohol, Controlled Substances, and Inhalants: Basic Findings from the National Comorbidity Survey,’ Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology 2, no. 3 (1994): 244.

Ester Fride et al., ‘Critical Role of the Endogenous Cannabinoid System in Mouse Pup Suckling and Growth,’ European Journal of Pharmacology 419, no. 2 (2001): 207–14.

Mehdi Tahiri et al., ‘Alternative Smoking Cessation Aids: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials,’ The American Journal of Medicine 125, no. 6 (2012): 576–84.

Corio, The Change Before the Change.

Claudia Gragnoli, ‘Depression and Type 2 Diabetes: Cortisol Pathway Implication and Investigational Needs,’ Journal of Cellular Physiology 227, no. 6 (2012): 2318–22.

Soonho Kwon and Kathie L. Hermayer, ‘Glucocorticoid-Induced Hyperglycemia,’ American Journal of the Medical Sciences 345, no. 4 (2013): 274–77; Paul E. Marik and Rinaldo Bellomo, ‘Stress Hyperglycemia: An Essential Survival Response,’ Critical Care 17, no. 2 (2013): 305; Nyika D. Kruyt et al., ‘Stress-Induced Hyperglycemia in Healthy Bungee Jumpers Without Diabetes Due to Decreased Pancreatic B-Cell Function and Increased Insulin Resistance,’ Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics 14, no. 4 (2012): 311–14.

C. L. Bethea et al., ‘Ovarian Steroids and Serotonin Neural Function,’ Molecular Neurobiology 18, no. 2 (1998): 87–123.

I. Hindberg and O. Naesh, ‘Serotonin Concentrations in Plasma and Variations During the Menstrual Cycle,’ Clinical Chemistry 38, no. 10 (1992): 2087–89.

Corio, The Change Before the Change.

Susan R. Davis, ‘The Effects of Tibolone on Mood and Libido,’ Menopause 9, no. 3 (2002): 162–70.

Barbara A. Gower and Lara Nyman, ‘Associations Among Oral Estrogen Use, Free Testosterone Concentration, and Lean Body Mass Among Postmenopausal Women,’ Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 85, no. 12 (2000): 4476–80.

Gail A. Greendale etal., ‘Symptom Relief and Side Effects of Postmenopausal Hormones,’ Obstetrics o’ Gynecology 92, no.6 (1998); 982–88.

Northrup, The Wisdom of Menopause.

C. Pugh, et al ‘Role of Interleukin-1 Beta in Impairment of Contextual Fear Conditioning Caused by Social Isolation,’ Behavioural Brain Research 106, no. 1 (1999): 109–18.

R. M. Barrientos et al., ‘Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Mrna Downregulation Produced by Social Isolation Is Blocked by Intrahippocampal Interleukin-1 Receptor Antagonist,’ Neuroscience 121, no. 4 (2003): 847–53.

Johnson et al., ‘Dopamine D2 Receptors in Addiction-like Reward Dysfunction,’ 635–41.

Magalie Lenoir et al., ‘Intense Sweetness Surpasses Cocaine Reward.’ PloS One 2, no. 8 (2007): e698.

Shari Lieberman et al., ‘A Review of Monolaurin and Lauric Acid: Natural Virucidal and Bactericidal Agents,’ Alternative & Complementary Therapies 12, no. 6 (2006): 310–14.

Joanne J. Liu et al., ‘Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) Status in Major Depressive Disorder with Comorbid Anxiety Disorders,’ Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 74, no. 7 (2013): 732–38.

Pnina Green et al., ‘Red Cell Membrane Omega-3 Fatty Acids Are Decreased in Nondepressed Patients with Social Anxiety Disorder,’ European Neuropsychopharmacology 16, no. 2 (2006): 107–13.

Venugopal Reddy Venna et al., ‘PUFA Induce Antidepressant-like Effects in Parallel to Structural and Molecular Changes in the Hippocampus,’ Psychoneuroendocrinology 34, no. 2 (2009): 199–211.

Nina Vinot et al., ‘Omega-3 Fatty Acids from Fish Oil Lower Anxiety, Improve Cognitive Functions and Reduce Spontaneous Locomotor Activity in a Non-Human Primate,’ PLoS One 6, no. 6 (2011): e20491.

Janice K. Kiecolt-Glaser et al., ‘Omega-3 Supplementation Lowers Inflammation and Anxiety in Medical Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial,’ Brain, Behavior, and Immunity 25, no. 8 (2011): 1725–34.

Liu et al., ‘Omega-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) Status in Major Depressive Disorder,’ The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 174, no. 7, (2013): 732–38.

M. E. O’Brien et al., ‘SRL172 (Killed Mycobacterium Vaccae) in Addition to Standard Chemotherapy Improves Quality of Life Without Affecting Survival, in Patients with Advanced Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Phase III Results,’ Annals of Oncology 15, no. 6 (2004): 906–14.

R. Hernandez-Pando and G. A. Rook, ‘The Role of TNF-Alpha in T-Cell-Mediated Inflammation Depends on the Th1/Th2 Cytokine Balance,’ Immunology 82, no. 4 (1994): 591.

J. Rao et al., ‘Regulation of Cerebral Glucose Metabolism,’ Minerva Endocrinologica 31, no. 2 (2006): 149.

Chu Chen and Nicolas G. Bazan, ‘Lipid Signaling: Sleep, Synaptic Plasticity, and Neuroprotection,’ Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators 77, no. 1 (2005): 65–76; Eric Murillo- Rodriguez et al., ‘Anandamide Enhances Extracellular Levels of Adenosine and Induces Sleep: An in Vivo Microdialysis Study,’ SLEEP 26, no. 8 (2003): 943–47.

Maurice M. Ohayon and Thomas Roth, ‘Place of Chronic Insomnia in the Course of Depressive and Anxiety Disorders,’ Journal of Psychiatric Research (2003).

M. P. Kafka, ‘Successful Antidepressant Treatment of Nonparaphilic Sexual Addictions and Paraphilias in Men,’ Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 52 (1991): 60–65.

Jeffrey R. Bishop et al., ‘The Association of Serotonin Transporter Genotypes and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor (SSRI)–Associated Sexual Side Effects: Possible Relationship to Oral Contraceptives,’ Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental 24, no. 3 (2009): 207–15.

G. L. Hanna et al., ‘Serotonin Transporter and Serotonin

Transporter Promoter Affects Onset of Paroxetine Treatment Seasonal Variation in Blood Serotonin in Families With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder,’ Neuropsychopharmacology 18 (1998): 102–11.

T. L. Crenshaw and J. P. Goldberg, Sexual Pharmacology:

Drugs That Affect Sexual Function (New York: Norton, 1996).

Heather B. Bradshaw et al., ‘Sex and Hormonal Cycle Differences in Rat Brain Levels of Pain-Related Cannabimimetic Lipid Mediators,’ American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology 291, no. 2 (2006): R349–R358.

Hassan H.López et al., ‘Cannabinoid Receptor Antagonism Increases Female Sexual Motivation,’ Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior 92, no. 1 (2009): 17–24.

James Olds and Peter Milner, ‘Positive Reinforcement Produced by Electrical Stimulation of Septal Area and Other Regions of Rat Brain,’ Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology 47, no. 6 (1954): 419; Robeht G. Heath, ‘Depth Recording and Stimulation Studies in Patients,’ Surgical Control of Behavior (1971): 21–37.

Doidge, The Brain That Changes Itself.

Ryan and Jethá, Sex at Dawn.

Israel Meizner, ‘Sonographic Observation of in Utero Fetal ‘Masturbation,’ ‘ Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 6, no. 2 (1987): 111; Harry Bakwin, ‘Erotic Feelings in Infants and Young Children,’ Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 126, no. 1 (1973): 52.

Debby Herbenick and J. Dennis Fortenberry, ‘Exercise-Induced Orgasm and Pleasure Among Women,’ Sexual and Relationship Therapy 26, no. 4 (2011): 373–88.

G. Kunz et al., ‘Uterine Peristalsis During the Follicular Phase of the Menstrual Cycle: Effects of Estrogen, Antioestrogen and Oxytocin,’ Human Reproduction Update 4, no. 5 (1998): 647–54.

H. Newton, ‘The Role of the Oxytocin Ref lexes in Three Interpersonal Reproductive Acts: Coitus, Birth and Breastfeeding,’ Clinical Psychoneuroendocrinology in Reproduction 22 (1978): 411–18.

P. Kirsch et al., ‘Oxytocin Modulates Neural Circuitry for Social Cognition and Fear in Humans,’ Journal of Neuroscience 25, (2005): 11489–93.

Zhen Zhang et al.,’Blockade of 2-Arachidonoylglycerol Hydrolysis Produces Antidepressant-Like Effects and Enhances Adult Hippocampal Neurogenesis And Synaptic Plasticity,’ Hippocampus, 27 augstus, 2014.

Tot besluit

Tot besluit: Verstandig blijven in een dolgedraaide wereld

John Bowlby, ‘Maternal Care and Mental Health,’ Journal of Consulting Psychology 16, no. 3 (1952): 232; Maté, When the Body Says No.

Americans pour seven million dollars into the U.S. retail industry every minute, purchasing an average of 1,440 McDonald’s burgers, 5,695 Starbucks’ drinks, and eightyfour thousand dollars’ worth of Amazon items.

Winnifred Berg Cutler et al., ‘Lunar and Menstrual Phase Locking,’ American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 137, no. 7 (1980): 834–39; W. B. Cutler, ‘The Moon and Menses,’ American Journal of Obstctrics & Gynecology 160, no. 2 (1989): 522–23.

Hoofdstuk 12

Hoofdstuk 12: Je. Moet. Ontspannen.

Timothy D. Wilson et al., ‘Just Think: The Challenges of the Disengaged Mind,’ Science 345, nr. 6192 (2014): 75–77.

Richard Louv, The Nature Principle: Human Restoration and the End of Nature-Deficit Disorder (New York: Algonquin Books, 2012).

Rodney H. Matsuoka, ‘Student Performance and High School Landscapes: Examining the Links.’ Landscape and Urban Planning 97, nr. 4 (2010): 273–82.

S. Kaplan, ‘The Restorative Benefits of Nature: Toward an Integrative Framework,’ Journal of Environmental Psychology 15 (1995): 169–82; S. Kaplan, ‘Meditation, Restoration, and the Management of Mental Fatigue,’ Environment and Behavior 33 (2001): 480–506.

Rachel Kaplan and Stephen Kaplan, The Experience of Nature: A Psychological Perspective (Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1989).

A. F. Taylor et al., ‘Coping with ADD: The Surprising Connection to Green Play Settings,’ Environment and Behavior 33 (2001): 54–77.

Andrea Faber Taylor and Frances E. Kuo, ‘Children with Attention Deficits Concentrate Better After Walk in the Park,’ Journal of Attention Disorders 12, nr. 5 (2009): 402–9.

Kaplan and Kaplan, The Experience of Nature.

Alan Ewert, ‘Reduction of Trait Anxiety Through Participation in Outward Bound,’ Leisure Sciences 10, nr. 2 (1988): 107–17.

Richard S. Newman, ‘Alleviating Learned Helplessness in a Wilderness Setting: An Application of Attribution Theory to Outward Bound,’ in Leslie J. Fyans and American Educational Research Association, Achievement Motivation (U.S.: Springer, 1980), 312–45.

Ruth Ann Atchley et al., ‘Creativity in the Wild: Improving Creative Reasoning Through Immersion in Natural Settings,’ PloS One 7, nr. 12 (2012): e51474.

Melanie Rudd et al., ‘Awe Expands People’s Perception of Time, Alters Decision Making, and Enhances Well-Being,’ Psychological Science 23, nr. 10 (2012): 1130–36.

Jordan Lite, ‘Vitamin D Deficiency Soars in the U.S.,’ Scientific American, 23 maart, 2009.

That’s if you’re light skinned; if you’re dark skinned, you may need ten times this amount.

Michael Berk et al., ‘Vitamin D Deficiency May Play a Role in Depression,’ Medical Hypotheses 69, nr. 6 (2007): 1316–19; Robert H. Howland, ‘Vitamin D and Depression,’ J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv 49, nr. 2 (2011): 15–18.

F. M. Gloth III et al., ‘Vitamin D Vs. Broad Spectrum Phototherapy in the Treatment of Seasonal Affective Disorder,’ Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging 3, nr. 1 (1999): 5; R. Jorde et al., ‘Effects of Vitamin D Supplementation on Symptoms of Depression in Overweight and Obese Subjects: Randomized Double Blind Trial,’ Journal of Internal Medicine 264, nr. 6 (2008): 599–609; Jason Hawrelak and Stephen P. Myers, ‘Vitamin D for Depression,’ Journal of Complementary Medicine 8, nr. 2 (2009): 62

G. A. Plotnikoff and J. M. Quigley, ‘Prevalence of Severe Hypovitaminosis D in Patients with Persistent, Nonspecific Musculoskeletal Pain,’ Mayo Clinic Proceedings 78 (2003): 1463–70.

Most opthalmologists recommend wearing sunglasses at all times to protect against UV exposure, especially if you have light-colored eyes.

S. N. Young, ‘How to Increase Serotonin in the Human Brain Without Drugs,’ Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience 32 (2007): 394–99; Mahmut Alpayci et al., ‘Sunglasses May Play a Role in Depression,’ Journal of Mood Disorders 2, nr. 2 (2012).

lighttherapyproducts.com.

Hiroyuki Mizoguchi et al., ‘Lowering Barometric Pressure Aggravates Depression-like Behavior in Rats,’ Behavioral Brain Research 218, nr. 1 (2011): 190–93.

Laura Hiltunen et al., ‘Atmospheric Pressure and Suicide Attempts in Helsinki, Finland,’ International Journal of Biometeorology 56, nr. 6 (2012): 1045–53. See Michael Persinger, The Weather Matrix and Human Behavior (New York: Praeger, 1980).

N. Goel et al., ‘Controlled Trial of Bright Light and Negative Air Ions for Chronic Depression,’ Psychological Medicine 35, nr. 7 (juli 2005): 945–55; N. Goel and G. R. Etwaroo, ‘Bright Light, Negative Air Ions and Auditory Stimuli Produce Rapid Mood Changes in a Student Population: A Placebo-Controlled Study,’ Psychological Medicine 36, nr. 9 (september 2006): 1253–63.

H. Nakane et al., ‘Effect of Negative Air Ions on Computer Operation, Anxiety and Salivary Chromogranin A-Like Immunoreactivity,’ International Journal of Psychophysiology 46, nr. 1 (oktober 2002): 85–89.

Pierce J. Howard, The Owner’s Manual for the Brain: Everyday Applications from Mind-Brain Research (Austin, TX: Bard Press, 2000).

Roger S. Ulrich et al., ‘Stress Recovery During Exposure to Natural and Urban Environments,’ Journal of Environmental Psychology 11, nr. 3 (1991): 201–30.

Q. Li et al., ‘Forest Bathing Enhances Human Natural Killer Activity and Expression of Anti-Cancer Proteins,’ International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology 20, nr. 2 Suppl. (2007): 3.

F. Lederbogen et al., ‘City Living and Urban Upbringing Affect Neural Social Stress Processing in Humans,’ Nature 474 (juni 2011): 498.

C. G. Davey et al., ‘Regionally Specific Alterations in Functional Connectivity of the Anterior Cingulate Cortex in Major Depressive Disorder,’ Psychological Medicine 42, nr. 10 (2012): 2071–81.

Kaplan and Kaplan, The Experience of Nature.

Louv, The Nature Principle.

Ecotherapy: The Green Agenda for Mental Health. Executive Summary, Mind, 2007. http://www.mind.org.uk/media/211252/Ecotherapy_The_green_agenda_for_mental_health_Executive_summary.pdf.

Louv, The Nature Principle, 85.

Roger S. Ulrich, ‘View Through a Window May Influence Recovery from Surgery,’ Science 224, nr. 4647 (1984): 420–21.

James Raffan, ‘Nature Nurtures: Investigating the Potential of School Grounds,’ http://www.evergreen.ca/docs/res/Nature-Nurtures.pdf.

Peter H. Kahn Jr. et al., ‘A Plasma Display Window?—The Shifting Baseline Problem in a Technologically Mediated Natural World,’ Journal of Environmental Psychology 28, nr. 2 (2008): 192–99.

Frances E. Kuo and William C. Sullivan, ‘Environment and Crime in the Inner City Does Vegetation Reduce Crime?’ Environment and Behavior 33, nr. 3 (2001a): 343–67.

Frances E. Kuo and William C. Sullivan, ‘Aggression and Violence in the Inner City Effects of Environment Via Mental Fatigue,’ Environment and Behavior 33, nr. 4 (2001): 543–71.

Phillip H. Smith et al., ‘Couples’ Marijuana Use Is Inversely Related to Their Intimate Partner Violence Over the First 9 Years of Marriage,’ Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 28, nr. 3 (2014): 734.

Netta Weinstein et al., ‘Can Nature Make Us More Caring? Effects of Immersion in Nature on Intrinsic Aspirations and Generosity,’ Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 35, nr. 10 (2009): 1315–29.

Elizabeth A. Cashdan, ‘Egalitarianism Among Hunters and Gatherers,’ American Anthropologist 82, nr. 1 (1980): 116–20.

H. Okada et al., ‘The ‘Hygiene Hypothesis’ for Autoimmune and Allergic Diseases: An Update,’ Clinical & Experimental Immunology 160, nr. 1 (2010): 1–9; Graham A. W. Rook, ‘Hygiene Hypothesis and Autoimmune Diseases,’ Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology 42, nr. 1 (2012): 5–15.

Michael Pollan, ‘Some of My Best Friends Are Germs,’ New York Times Magazine, 15 mei, 2013; Josef Neu and Jona Rushing, ‘Cesarean Versus Vaginal Delivery: Long-Term Infant Outcomes and the Hygiene Hypothesis,’ Clinics in Perinatology 38, nr. 2 (2011): 321.

J. Blustein et al., ‘Association of Cesarean Delivery with Child Adiposity from Age 6 Weeks to 15 Years,’ International Journal of Obesity 37, nr. 7 (2013): 900–6.

L. Cox et al., ‘Altering the Intestinal Microbiota During a Critical Developmental Window Has Lasting Metabolic Consequences,’ Cell 158, nr. 4 (2014): 705–21.

K. M. Crofton et al., ‘Short-Term in Vivo Exposure to the Water Contaminant Triclosan: Evidence for Disruption of Thyroxine,’ Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology 24 (2007): 194–97.

R. H. Gee et al., ‘Oestrogenic and Androgenic Activity of Triclosan in Breast Cancer Cells,’ Journal of Applied Toxicology 28 (2008): 78–91.

M. Braoudaki and A. C. Hilton, ‘Low Level of Cross-Resistance Between Triclosan and Antibiotics in Escherichia Coli K-12 and E. Coli O55 Compared to E. Coli O157,’ FEMS Microbiology Letters 235 (2004): 305–9.

A. M. Calafat et al., ‘Urinary Concentrations of Triclosan in the U.S. Population: 2003–2004,’ Environmental Health Perspectives 116, nr. 3 (2008): 303–7.

M. Allmyr et al., ‘Triclosan in Plasma and Milk from Swedish Nursing Mothers and Their Exposure Via Personal Care Products,’ Science of the Total Environment 372, nr. 1 (2006): 87–93.

Christopher A. Lowry et al., ‘Identification of an Immune-Responsive Mesolimbocortical Serotonergic System: Potential Role in Regulation of Emotional Behavior,’ Neuroscience 146, nr. 2 (2007): 756–72.

T. G. Dinan and J. F. Cryan, ‘Regulation of the Stress Response by the Gut Microbiota: Implications for Psychoneuroendocrinology,’ Psychoneuroendocrinology 37 (2012): 1369–78.

M. Messaoudi et al., ‘Assessment of Psychotropiclike Properties of a Probiotic Formulation (Lactobacillus Helveticus R0052 and Bifidobacterium Longum R0175) in Rats and Human Subjects,’ British Journal of Nutrition 105 (2011): 755–64.

L. Desbonnet et al., ‘Microbiota is Essential for Social Development in the Mouse,’ Molecular Psychiatry 19, nr. 2 (2014): 146.

Elaine Y. Hsiao et al., ‘Microbiota Modulate Behavioral and Physiological Abnormalities Associated with Neurodevelopmental Disorders,’ Cell 155, nr. 7 (2013): 1451–63.

Pollan, ‘Some of My Best Friends Are Germs.’

Thomas Heberer, ‘Tracking Persistent Pharmaceutical Residues from Municipal Sewage to Drinking Water,’ Journal of Hydrology 266, nr. 3 (2002): 175–89.

David Margel and Neil E. Fleshner, ‘Oral Contraceptive Use Is Associated with Prostate Cancer: An Ecological Study,’ British Medical Journal Open 1, nr. 2 (2011).

Mark Clemons and Paúl Goss, ‘Estrogen and the Risk of Breast Cancer,’ New England Journal of Medicine 344, nr. 4 (2001): 276–85.

Mariah Blake, ‘The Scary New Evidence on BPA-Free Plastics and the Big Tobacco–Style Campaign to Bury It,’ Mother Jones, maart/april 2014.

Kembra L. Howdeshell et al., ‘Environmental Toxins: Exposure to Bisphenol A Advances Puberty,’ Nature 401, nr. 6755 (1999): 763–64.

Blake, ‘The Scary New Evidence on BPAFree Plastics.’

Ana M. Soto and Carlos Sonnenschein, ‘Environmental Causes of Cancer: Endocrine Disruptors as Carcinogens,’ Nature Reviews Endocrinology 6, nr. 7 (2010): 363–70.

Blake, ‘The Scary New Evidence on BPA-Free Plastics.’

Saal Vom et al., ‘An Extensive New Literature Concerning Low-Dose Effects of Bisphenol A Shows the Need for a New Risk Assessment,’ Environmental Health Perspectives 113, nr. 8 (2005): 926.

Chun Z. Yang et al., ‘Most Plastic Products Release Estrogenic Chemicals: A Potential Health Problem That Can Be Solved,’ Environmental Health Perspectives 119, nr. 7 (2011): 989.

Blake, ‘The Scary New Evidence on BPA-Free Plastics.’

Evanthia Diamanti-Kandarakis et al., ‘Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals: An Endocrine Society Scientific Statement,’ Endocrine Reviews 30, nr. 4 (2009): 293–42.

Elisabeth Carlsen et al., ‘Evidence for Decreasing Quality of Semen During Past 50 Years,’ British Medical Journal 305, nr. 6854 (1992): 609.

N. E. Skakkebaek et al., ‘Association Between Testicular Dysgenesis Syndrome (TDS) and Testicular Neoplasia: Evidence from 20 Adult Patients with Signs of Maldevelopment of the Testis,’ APMIS 111, nr. 1 (2003): 1–9.

Juliane-Susanne Schmidt et al., ‘Effects of Di (2-Ethylhexyl) Phthalate (DEHP) on Female Fertility and Adipogenesis in C3H/N Mice,’ Environmental Health Perspectives 120, nr. 8 (2012): 1123.

Germaine M. Buck Louis et al., ‘Urinary Bisphenol A, Phthalates, and Couple Fecundity: The Longitudinal Investigation of Fertility and the Environment (LIFE) Study,’ Fertility And Sterility (2014).

Vanessa R. Kay et al., ‘Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Phthalate Diesters in Females,’ Critical Reviews in Toxicology 43, nr. 3 (2013): 200–19.

Jonathan R. Roy et al., ‘Estrogen-like Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals Affecting Puberty in Humans—a Review,’ Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research 15, nr. 6 (2009): RA137–45; Jefferson P. Lomenick et al., ‘Phthalate Exposure and Precocious Puberty in Females,’ Journal of Pediatrics 156, nr. 2 (2010): 221–25.

P. D. Darbre, ‘Environmental Oestrogens, Cosmetics and Breast Cancer,’ Best Practice & Research Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 20, nr. 1 (2006): 121–43; Sandra Viviana Fernandez and Jose Russo, ‘Estrogen and Xenoestrogens in Breast Cancer,’ Toxicologic Pathology 38, nr. 1 (2010): 110–22.

Richard W. Stahlhut et al., ‘Concentrations of Urinary Phthalate Metabolites Are Associated with Increased Waist Circumference and Insulin Resistance in Adult U.S. Males,’ Environmental Health Perspectives (2007): 876–82; P. Monica Lind et al., ‘Circulating Levels of Phthalate Metabolites Are Associated with Prevalent Diabetes in the Elderly,’ Diabetes Care 35, nr. 7 (2012): 1519–24; Tamarra James-Todd et al., ‘Urinary Phthalate Metabolite Concentrations and Diabetes Among Women in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001–2008,’ Environmental Health Perspectives 120, nr. 9 (2012): 1307.

Ralph Metzner, ‘The Split Between Spirit and Nature in European Consciousness,’ Trumpeter 10, nr. 1 (1993), http://trumpeter.athabascau.ca/index.php/trumpet/article/viewArticle/407/658.

R. J. Bluett et al., ‘Central Anandamide Deficiency Predicts Stress-Induced Anxiety: Behavioral Reversal Through Endocannabinoid Augmentation,’ Translational Psychiatry 4, nr. 7 (2014): e408.

Holland, The Pot Book.

O. R. W. Pergams and P. A. Zaradic, ‘Is Love of Nature in the U.S. Becoming Love of Electronic Media? 16-Year Downtrend in National Park Visits Explained by Watching Movies, Playing Video Games, Internet Use, and Oil Prices,’ Journal of Environmental Management 80 (2006): 387–93.

Soto and Sonnenschein, ‘Environmental Causes of Cancer,’ 363–70.

Qing Yang, ‘Gain Weight by ‘Going Diet?’ Artificial Sweeteners and the Neurobiology of Sugar Cravings: Neuroscience 2010,’ The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 83, nr. 2 (2010): 101.

Donald L. Hilton Jr, ‘Pornography Addiction–A Supranormal Stimulus Considered in the Context of Neuroplasticity,’ Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology 3 (2013).

Steven F. Hotze, Hormones, Health, and Happiness (Houston: Forrest Publishing, 2005); Laura E. Corio, The Change Before the Change (New York: Bantam, 2000); Tyrone N. Hayes et al., ‘Atrazine Induces Complete Feminization and Chemical Castration in Male African Clawed Frogs (Xenopus Laevis),’ Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107, nr. 10 (2010): 4612–17; Vanessa R. Kay, Christina Chambers, and Warren G. Foster, ‘Reproductive and Developmental Effects of Phthalate Diesters in Females,’ Critical Reviews in Toxicology 43, nr. 3 (2013): 200–219.

P. Vasterman et al. ‘The Role of The Media and Media Hypes in the Aftermath of Disasters,’ Epidemiological Review 27 (2005): 107–14; K. M. Wright et al., ‘The Shared Experience of Catastrophe: An Expanded Classification of the Disaster Community,’ American Journal of Ortho psychiatry 60, nr. 1 (1990): 35–42; Alison E. Holman et al., ‘Media’s Role in Broadcasting Acute Stress Following the Boston Marathon Bombings,’ Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111, nr. 1 (2014): 93–98.

NPD Group, Connected Intelligence, Connected Home Report, press release quoted in USA Today, 2 januari, 2013.

Linda Stone, ‘Continuous Partial Attention–Not the Same as Multi-Tasking,’ Businessweek 24 (2008).

Louv, The Nature Principle.

Martin Lindstrom, ‘You Love Your iPhone. Literally,’ New York Times, 30 september, 2011.

Manjeet Singh Bhatia, ‘Cell Phone Dependency—a New Diagnostic Entity,’ Delhi Psychiatry Journal 11, nr. 2 (2008): 123–24.

Maté, When the Body Says Nr.

Walton T. Roth et al., ‘Voluntary Breath Holding in Panic and Generalized Anxiety Disorders,’ Psychosomatic Medicine 60, nr. 6 (1998): 671–79; Patricia Hill Bailey, ‘The Dyspnea-Anxiety-Dyspnea Cycle—COPD Patients’ Stories of Breathlessness: ‘It’s Scary/When You Can’t Breathe,’ Qualitative Health Research 14, nr. 6 (2004): 760–78.

Maria B. Ospina et al., ‘Meditation Practices for Health,’ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, publication nr. 07–E010, 2007.

Perla Kaliman et al., ‘Rapid Changes in Histone Deacetylases and Inflammatory Gene Expression in Expert Meditators,’ Psychoneuroendocrinology 40 (2014): 96–107.

T. W. Pace et al., ‘Effect of Compassion Meditation on Neuroendocrine, Innate Immune and Behavioral Responses to Psychosocial Stress,’ Psychoneuroendocrinology 34 (2009): 87–98; C. Reardon et al., ‘Lymphocyte-Derived Ach Regulates Local Innate but Not Adaptive Immunity,’ PNAS 110 (2013): 1410–15.

M. K. Bhasin et al., ‘Relaxation Response Induces Temporal Transcriptome Changes in Energy Metabolism, Insulin Secretion and Inflammatory Pathways,’ PLoS One 8, nr. 5 (2013): e62817.

Lisa A. Kilpatrick et al., ‘Impact of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Training on Intrinsic Brain Connectivity,’ Neuroimage 56, nr. 1 (2011): 290–98.

Britta K. Hölzel et al., ‘How Does Mindfulness Meditation Work? Proposing Mechanisms of Action from a Conceptual and Neural Perspective,’ Perspectives on Psychological Science 6, nr. 6 (2011a): 537–59.

Eileen Luders, ‘The Unique Brain Anatomy of Meditation Practitioners: Alterations in Cortical Gyrification,’ Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6 (2012).

Richard J. Davidson and Sharon Begley, The Emotional Life of Your Brain: How Its Unique Patterns Affect the Way You Think, Feel, and Live—and How You Can Change Them (New York: Penguin, 2012).

Dennis S. Charney, ‘Psychobiological Mechanisms of Resilience and Vulnerability. Implications for Successful Adaptation to Extreme Stress,’ FOCUS: The Journal of Lifelong Learning in Psychiatry 2, nr. 3 (2004): 368–91.

Negar Fani et al., ‘White Matter Integrity in Highly Traumatized Adults with and without Post-traumatic Stress Disorder,’ Neuropsychopharmacology 37, nr. 12 (2012): 2740–46.

Christopher A. Brown and Anthony K. P. Jones, ‘Meditation Experience Predicts Less Negative Appraisal of Pain: Electrophysiological Evidence for the Involvement of Anticipatory Neural Responses,’ Pain 150, nr. 3 (2010): 428–38.

Britta K. Hölzel et al., ‘Mindfulness Practice Leads to Increases in Regional Brain Gray Matter Density,’ Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging 191, nr. 1 (2011): 36–43.

Teresa M. Edenfield and Sy Atezaz Saeed, ‘An Update on Mindfulness Meditation as a Self-Help Treatment for Anxiety and Depression,’ Psychology Research and Behavior Management 5 (2011): 131–41; R. J. Davidson et al., ‘Alterations in Brain and Immune Function Produced by Mindfulness Meditation,’ Psychosomatic Medicine 65, nr. 4 (2003): 564–70; P. Grossman et al., ‘Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction and Health Benefits. A Metaanalysis,’ Journal of Psychosomatic Research 57, nr. 1 (2004): 35–43; Peter Sedlmeier et al., ‘The Psychological Effects of Meditation: A Meta-analysis,’ Psychological Bulletin 138, nr. 6 (2012): 1139–71.

Rudd et al., ‘Awe Expands People’s Perception of Time,’ Psychological Science 23, nr. 20 (2012): 1130–36.

Hoofdstuk 11

Hoofdstuk 11: Je lichaam: er zijn of er niet zijn

Harold W. Kohl et al., ‘The Pandemic of Physical Inactivity: Global Action for Public Health,’ Lancet (2012). 380, nr. 9838 (2012): 294–305.

I-Min Lee et al., ‘Effect of Physical Inactivity on Major Non-Communicable Diseases Worldwide: An Analysis of Burden of Disease and Life Expectancy,’ Lancet 380, nr. 9838 (2012): 219-29.

J. Gahche et al., ‘Cardiorespiratory Fitness Levels Among U.S. Youth Aged 12–15 Years: United States, 1999–2004 and 2012.’ NCHS Data Brief 153 (2014): 1–8.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ‘Adult Participation in Aerobic and Muscle-Strengthening Physical Activities—United States, 2011,’ MMWR 62, nr. 17 (2013): 326.

Harmon Eyre et al., ‘Preventing Cancer, Cardiovascular Disease, and Diabetes: A Common Agenda for the American Cancer Society, the American Diabetes Association, and the American Heart Association,’ CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians 54, nr. 4 (2004): 190–207; Ming Kai et al., ‘Exercise Interventions: Defusing the World’s Osteoporosis Time Bomb,’ Bulletin of the World Health Organization 81, nr. 11 (2003): 827–30.

Steven N. Blair and Suzanne Brodney, ‘Effects of Physical Inactivity and Obesity on Morbidity and Mortality: Current Evidence and Research Issues,’ Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 31 (1999): S646–S662.

P. Hoffman, ‘The Endorphin Hypothesis,’ in Physical Activity and Mental Health, ed. W. P. Morgan (Washington, DC: Taylor & Francis, 1997), 161–77.

F. Chaouloff, ‘The Serotonin Hypothesis,’ in Morgan, Physical Activity and Mental Health.

A. A. Bove et al., ‘Increased Conjugated Dopamine in Plasma After Exercise Training,’ Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 104, nr. 1 (1984): 77–85.

R. K. Dishman, ‘The Norepinephrine Hypothesis,’ in Morgan, Physical Activity and Mental Health, 1997.

P. Salmon, ‘Effects of Physical Exercise on Anxiety, Depression, and Sensitivity to Stress: A Unifying Theory,’ Clinical Psychology Review 21 (2001): 33–61; Chad D. Rethorst et al., ‘The Antidepressive Effects of Exercise,’ Sports Medicine 39, nr. 6 (2009): 491–511.

P. D. Tomporowski, ‘Effects of Acute Bouts of Exercise on Cognition,’ Acta Psychologica 112, 297–324.

D. Scully et al., ‘Physical Exercise and Psychological Well Being: A Critical Review,’ British Journal of Sports Medicine 32 (1998): 111–20.

Zsolt Radak et al., ‘Exercise and Hormesis: Oxidative Stress-Related Adaptation for Successful Aging,’ Biogerontology 6, nr. 1 (2005): 71–75; John J. Ratey with Eric Hagerman, Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain (Little, Brown and Company, 2008).

Jennifer Lange-Collett and Lorna Schumann, ‘Promoting Health Among Perimenopausal Women Through Diet and Exercise,’ Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners 14, nr. 4 (2002): 172–79; J. E. Jurkowski et al., ‘Ovarian Hormonal Responses to Exercise,’ Journal of Applied Physiology 44, nr. 1 (1978): 109–14.

Tierney Ahrold Lorenz and Cindy May Meston, ‘Exercise Improves Sexual Function in Women Taking Antidepressants: Results from a Randomized Crossover Trial,’ Depression and Anxiety 99 (2013): 1–8.

Ratey with Hagerman, Spark.

Kirk I. Erickson et al., ‘Exercise Training Increases Size of Hippocampus and Improves Memory,’ PNAS 108, nr. 7 (2011): 3017–22.

Chittaranjan Andrade and N. Sanjay Kumar Rao, ‘How Antidepressant Drugs Act: A Primer on Neuroplasticity as the Eventual Mediator of Antidepressant Efficacy,’ Indian Journal of Psychiatry 52, nr. 4 (2010): 378.

Biao Chen et al., ‘Increased Hippocampal BDNF Immunoreactivity in Subjects Treated with Antidepressant Medication,’ Biological Psychiatry 50, nr. 4 (2001): 260–65.

Carrol D’Sa and Ronald S. Duman, ‘Antidepressants and Neuroplasticity,’ Bipolar Disorders 4, nr. 3 (2002): 183–94.

Heath D. Schmidt and Ronald S. Duman, ‘Peripheral BDNF Produces Antidepressant-Like Effects in Cellular and Behavioral Models,’ Neuropsychopharmacology 35, nr. 12 (2010): 2378–2391.

Amelia Russo-Neustadt et al., ‘Physical Activity–Antidepressant Treatment Combination: Impact on Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor and Behavior in an Animal Model,’ Behavioral Brain Research 120, nr. 1 (2001): 87–95.

Christopher Pittenger and Ronald S. Duman, ‘Stress, Depression, and Neuroplasticity: A Convergence of Mechanisms,’ Neuropsychopharmacology 33, nr. 1 (2007): 88–109.

Gregory L. Gerdeman and David M. Lovinger, ‘Emerging Roles for Endocannabinoids in Long-Term Synaptic Plasticity,’ British Journal of Pharmacology 140, nr. 5 (2003): 781–89.

R. C. Shelton and A. H. Miller, ‘Eating Ourselves to Death (and Despair): The Contribution of Adiposity and Inflammation to Depression,’ Progress in Neurobiology 91 (2010): 275–99.

N. Oskooilar et al., ‘Body Mass Index and Response to Antidepressants in Depressed Research Subjects,’ Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 70 (2009): 1609–10.

Gregory F. Oxenkrug, ‘Metabolic Syndrome, Age-Associated Neuroendocrine Disorders, and Dysregulation of Tryptophan—Kynureninee Metabolism,’ Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1199, nr. 1 (2010): 1–14.

L. Breum et al., ‘Twenty-Four-Hour Plasma Tryptophan Concentrations and Ratios Are Below Normal in Obese Subjects and Are Not Normalized by Substantial Weight Reduction,’ American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 77 (2003): 1112–18; G. Brandacher et al., ‘Bariatric Surgery Cannot Prevent Tryptophan Depletion Due to Chronic Immune Activation in Morbidly Obese Patients,’ Obesity Surgery 16 (2006): 541–48.

F. S. Luppino et al., ‘Overweight, Obesity, and Depression: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Longitudinal Studies,’ Archives of General Psychiatry 67 (2010): 220–29; Kristy Sanderson et al., ‘Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Risk of Mental Disorder: A 20-Year Cohort Study,’ Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 45, nr. 5 (2011): 384–92.

G. Gariepy et al., ‘The Association Between Obesity and Anxiety Disorders in the Population: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis,’ International Journal of Obesity 34, nr. 3 (2010): 407–19.

Nancy M. Petry et al., ‘Overweight and Obesity Are Associated with Psychiatric Disorders: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions,’ Psychosomatic Medicine 70, nr. 3 (2008): 288–97.

Arianne K. B. van Reedt Dortland et al., ‘Longitudinal Relationship of Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms with Dyslipidemia and Abdominal Obesity,’ Psychosomatic Medicine 75, nr. 1 (2013): 83–89.

Gordon Winocur et al., ‘Memory Impairment in Obese Zucker Rats: An Investigation of Cognitive Function in an Animal Model of Insulin Resistance and Obesity,’ Behavioral Neuroscience 119, nr. 5 (2005): 1389; Susan A. Farr et al., ‘Obesity and Hypertriglyceridemia Produce Cognitive Impairment,’ Endocrinology 149, nr. 5 (2008): 2628–36.

Joanna R. Erion et al., ‘Obesity Elicits Interleukin 1-Mediated Deficits in Hippocampal Synaptic Plasticity,’ Journal of Neuroscience 34, nr. 7 (2014): 2618–31.

Jack M. Gorman et al., ‘Ventilatory Physiology of Patients with Panic Disorder,’ Archives of General Psychiatry 45, nr. 1 (1988): 31.

Arne Dietrich, ‘Transient Hypofrontality as a Mechanism for the Psychological Effects of Exercise,’ Psychiatry Research 145, nr. 1 (2006): 79–83.

P. B. Sparling et al., ‘Exercise Activates the Endocannabinoid System,’ Neuroreport 14 (2003): 2209–11; A. Dietrich and W. F. McDaniel, ‘Cannabinoids and Exercise,’ British Journal of Sports Medicine 38 (2004): 50–57; David A. Raichlen et al., ‘Exercise-Induced Endocannabinoid Signaling Is Modulated by Intensity,’ European Journal of Applied Physiology 113, nr. 4 (2013): 869–75.

David A. Raichlen et al., ‘Wired to Run: Exercise-Induced Endocannabinoid Signaling in Humans and Cursorial Mammals with Implications for the ‘Runner’s High,’ Journal of Experimental Biology 215, nr. 8 (2012): 1331–36.

Giovane Galdino et al., ‘Acute Resistance Exercise Induces Antinociception by Activation of the Endocannabinoid System in Rats,’ Anesthesia and Analgesia (2014).

John M. McPartland, ‘Expression of the Endocannabinoid System in Fibroblasts and Myofascial Tissues,’ Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 12, nr. 2 (2008): 169–82.

Matthew N. Hill et al., ‘Endogenous Cannabinoid Signaling Is Required for Voluntary Exercise-Induced Enhancement of Progenitor Cell Proliferation in the Hippocampus,’ Hippocampus 20, nr. 4 (2010): 513–23.

Talita H. Ferreira-Vieira et al., ‘A Role for the Endocannabinoid System In Exercise-Induced Spatial Memory Enhancement in Mice,’ Hippocampus 24, nr. 1 (2014): 79–88.

Timothy J. Schoenfeld et al., ‘Physical Exercise Prevents Stress-Induced Activation of Granule Neurons and Enhances Local Inhibitory Mechanisms in the Dentate Gyrus,’ Journal of Neuroscience 33, nr. 18 (2013): 7770–77.

Rod K. Dishman et al., ‘Neurobiology of Exercise,’ Obesity 14, nr. 3 (2006): 345–56.

Ratey with Hagerman, Spark.

Andrea K. Olson et al., ‘Environmental Enrichment and Voluntary Exercise Massively Increase Neurogenesis in the Adult Hippocampus Via Dissociable Pathways,’ Hippocampus 16, nr. 3 (2006): 250–60.

Nicholas A. Mischel et al., ‘Physical (in) Activity-Dependent Structural Plasticity in Bulbospinal Catecholaminergic Neurons of Rat Rostral Ventrolateral Medulla,’ Journal of Comparative Neurology 522, nr. 3 (2014): 499–513.

Keri Martinowich and Bai Lu, ‘Interaction Between BDNF and Serotonin: Role in Mood Disorders,’ Neuropsychopharmacology 33, nr. 1 (2007): 73–83.

Ratey with Hagerman, Spark.

Anne Marie W. Petersen and Bente Klarlund Pedersen, ‘The Anti-inflammatory Effect of Exercise,’ Journal of Applied Physiology 98, nr. 4 (2005): 1154–62.

Michael Gleeson et al., ‘The Anti-inflammatory Effects of Exercise: Mechanisms and Implications for the Prevention and Treatment of Disease,’ Nature Reviews Immunology 11, nr. 9 (2011): 607–15.

C. D. Rethorst et al., ‘Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines as Predictors of Antidepressant Effects of Exercise in Major Depressive Disorder,’ Molecular Psychiatry 18 (2013): 1119.

Pontus Boström et al., ‘A PGC1-[Agr]-Dependent Myokine That Drives Brown-Fat-like Development of White Fat and Thermogenesis,’ Nature 481, nr. 7382 (2012): 463–68.

Anthony W. Blanchfield et al., ‘Talking Yourself Out of Exhaustion: The Effects of Self-Talk on Endurance Performance,’ Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 46, nr. 5 (2014): 998-1007.

Abby C. King et al., ‘Promoting Physical Activity Through Handheld Computer Technology,’ American Journal of Preventive Medicine 34, nr. 2 (2008): 138–42.

Osmel Sousa, New York Times quote of the day, 7 november, 2003.

Joan Jacobs Brumberg, The Body Project: An Intimate History of American Girls (New York: Random House, 1998); Joan Jacobs Brumberg, Fasting Girls: The Emergence of Anorexia Nervosa as a Modern Disease (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press 1998).

Germaine Greer, The Female Eunuch (London: MacGibbon and Kee, 1970), 28.

Mitchel P. Goldman and Arnost Fronek, ‘Anatomy and Pathophysiology of Varicose Veins,’ Journal of Dermatologic Surgery and Oncology 15, nr. 2 (1989): 138–46; Grant L. Peters et al., ‘The Effect of Crossing Legs on Blood Pressure: A Randomized Single-Blind Cross-Over Study,’ Blood Pressure Monitoring 4, nr. 2 (1999): 97–102.

Rose E. Frisch, ‘Fatness, Menarche, and Female Fertility,’ Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28, nr. 4 (1985) 611-33.

Minna Rintala and Pertti Mustajoki, ‘Could Mannequins Menstruate?’ British Medical Journal 305, nr. 6868 (1992): 1575.

Martin Voracek and Maryanne L. Fisher, ‘Shapely Centerfolds? Temporal Change in Body Measures: Trend Analysis,’ British Medical Journal 325, nr. 7378 (2002): 1447.

Kevin I. Norton et al., ‘Ken and Barbie at Life Size,’ Sex Roles 34, nr. 3–4 (1996): 287–94.

Williams, Breasts.

Laura Fraser, ‘Body Love, Body Hate’ Glamour 201, oktober 1998.

Jacobs, The Body Project.

Eric Stice et al., ‘Exposure to Media-Portrayed Thin-Ideal Images Adversely Affects Vulnerable Girls: A Longitudinal Experiment,’ Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology 20, nr. 3 (2001): 270–88.

M. P. Levine and L. Smolak, ‘Media a Context for the Development of Disordered Eating,’ in The Developmental Psychopathology of Eating Disorders, L. Smolak, M. P. Levine, and R. Striegel-Moore, eds., (Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, 1996), 183–204; R. H. Striegel-Moore et al., ‘Toward an Understanding of Risk Factors for Bulimia,’ American Psychologist 41 (1986): 246–63; J. K. Thompson et al., Exacting Beauty: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment of Body Image Disturbance (Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 1999).

Lupita Nyong’o, Essence speech, 27 februari, 2014, http://www.essence.com/2014/02/27/lupita-nyongo-delivers-moving-black-women-hollywood-acceptance-speech/.

S. M. Platek and D. Singh, ‘Optimal Waist-to-Hip Ratios in Women Activate Neural Reward Centers in Men,’ PLoS One 5, nr. 2 (2010): e9042.

Maryanne L. Fisher and Martin Voracek, ‘The Shape of Beauty: Determinants of Female Physical Attractiveness,’ Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology 5, nr. 2 (2006): 190–94.

Devendra Singh, ‘Body Shape and Women’s Attractiveness: The Critical Role of Waist-to-Hip Ratio,’ Human Nature 4, nr. 3 (1993): 297–21.

Williams, Breasts.

Z. Hussain et al., ‘Estimation of Breast Volume and Its Variation During the Menstrual Cycle Using MRI and Stereology,’ (2014).

Barnaby J. Dixson et al., ‘Eye Tracking of Men’s Preferences for Female Breast Size and Areola Pigmentation,’ Archives of Sexual Behavior 40, nr. 1 (2011a): 51–58.

Williams, Breasts.

S. Bondurant et al., ‘Safety of Silicone Breast Implants: Report of the Committee on the Safety of Silicone Breast Implants (Washington, DC: Institute Of Medicine, 1999).

Roy Levin and Cindy Meston, ‘Nipple/Breast Stimulation and Sexual Arousal in Young Men and Women,’ Journal of Sexual Medicine 3, nr. 3 (2006): 450–54.

Williams, Breasts; S. Brown et al., ‘An Association of Silicone-Gel Breast Implant Rupture and Fibromyalgia,’ Current Rheumatology Reports 4, nr. 4 (2002): 293–98.

Neal Handel et al., ‘A Long-Term Study of Outcomes, Complications, and Patient Satisfaction with Breast Implants,’ Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 117, nr. 3 (2006): 757–67.

FDA, 2013, http://www.fda.gov/medicaldevices/productsandmedicalprocedures/implantsandprosthetics/breastimplants/ucm239995.htm.

Harry Hayes Jr. et al., ‘Mammography and Breast Implants,’ Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 82, nr. 1 (1988): 1–6.

Shaunacy Ferro, ‘Brassiere Support Is a Lie, Say French Scientists,’ Popular Science, 11 april, 2013.

Sydney Singer and Soma Grismaijer, Dressed to Kill: The Link Between Breast Cancer and Bras (New York: Avery Publishing Group, 1995); Sydney Singer and Soma Grismaijer, Get It Off! Understanding the Causes of Breast Pain, Cysts, and Cancer (ISCD Press, 2000).

C-C. Hsieh and D. Trichopoulos, ‘Breast Size, Handedness and Breast Cancer Risk,’ European Journal of Cancer and Clinical Oncology 27, nr. 2 (1991): 131–35.

A. Q. Zhang et al., ‘Risk Factors of Breast Cancer in Women in Guangdong and the Countermeasures,’ Journal of Southern Medical University 29, nr. 7 (2009): 1451–53.

A. G. Recchia et al., ‘Xenoestrogens and the Induction of Proliferative Effects in Breast Cancer Cells Via Direct Activation of Estrogen Receptor A,’ Food Additives and Contaminants 21, nr. 2 (2004): 134–44.

Sandra Viviana Fernandez and Jose Russo, ‘Estrogen and Xenoestrogens in Breast Cancer,’ Toxicologic Pathology 38, nr. 1 (2010): 110–22.

Leo F. Doherty et al., ‘In Utero Exposure to Diethylstilbestrol (DES) or Bisphenol-A (BPA) Increases EZH2 Expression in the Mammary Gland: An Epigenetic Mechanism Linking Endocrine Disruptors to Breast Cancer,’ Hormones and Cancer 1, nr. 3 (2010): 146–55.

Jennifer L. Rayner et al., ‘Adverse Effects of Prenatal Exposure to Atrazine During a Critical Period of Mammary Gland Growth,’ Toxicological Sciences 87, nr. 1 (2005): 255–66.

Ruthann A. Rudel et al., ‘Chemicals Causing Mammary Gland Tumors in Animals Signal New Directions for Epidemiology, Chemicals Testing, and Risk Assessment for Breast Cancer Prevention,’ Cancer 109, nr. S12 (2007): 2635–66.

Williams, Breasts.

H. Ray Jalian et al., ‘Increased Risk of Litigation Associated with Laser Surgery by Nonphysician Operators,’ JAMA Dermatology 150, nr. 4 (2014): 407–11.

Claire Dendle et al., ‘Severe Complications of a ‘Brazilian’ Bikini Wax,’ Clinical Infectious Diseases 45, nr. 3 (2007): e29–e31; Allyssa L. Harris and Heidi Collins Fantasia, ‘Community-Associated MRSA Infections in Women,’ Journal for Nurse Practitioners 6, nr. 6 (2010): 435–41.

François Desruelles et al., ‘Pubic Hair Removal: A Risk Factor for ‘Minor’ STI Such as Molluscum Contagiosum?’ Sexually Transmitted Infections 89, nr. 3 (2013): 216.

Charlotte Castronovo et al., ‘Viral Infections of the Pubis,’ International Journal of STD & AIDS 23, nr. 1 (2012): 48–50.

Dendle et al., ‘Severe Complications of a ‘Brazilian’ Bikini Wax,’ e29–e31.

Karl Grammer et al., ‘Human Pheromones and Sexual Attraction,’ European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 118, nr. 2 (2005): 135–42.

Lih Mei Liao and Sarah M. Creighton, ‘Requests for Cosmetic Genitoplasty: How Should Healthcare Providers Respond?’ British Medical Journal 334, nr. 7603 (2007): 1090–92.

V. Braun and C. Kitzinger, ‘The Perfectible Vagina: Size Matters,’ Culture Health Sexuality 3 (2001): 263–77; R. Bramwell et al., ‘Expectations and Experience of Labial Reduction: A Qualitative Study,’ BJOG 114, nr. 12 (2007): 1493–99.